If there is no known cause for indigestion, it is referred to as functional dyspepsia. People with acid reflux, stomach flu, irritable bowel, and other conditions may experience indigestion. Find out about the top 10 foods that are easy to digest and may be suitable for these people to include in their diet. Learn about what they are, their nutritional content, and what makes them them easier to eat. If indigestion is caused by a disease or medical condition, the prognosis is varied and dependent upon the resolution of that condition.
Medical Definition of Dyspepsia
It may be caused by an impairment of the stomach that prevents it from accepting and digesting food in a normal way. The cause of functional dyspepsia is unknown; however, several hypotheses could explain this condition even though none can be consistently associated with FD. Excessive acid secretion, inflammation of the stomach or duodenum, food allergies, lifestyle and diet influences, psychological factors, medication side effects (from drugs such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and aspirin), and Helicobacter pylori infection have all had their proponents. Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a chronic disorder of sensation and movement (peristalsis) in the upper digestive tract. Peristalsis is the normal downward pumping and squeezing of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine, which begins after swallowing.
The vast majority of patients experience more than one symptom. Functional dyspepsia may come and go and symptoms could present with increased severity for several weeks or months and then decrease or disappear entirely for some time. Symptoms of acid indigestion include a burning, distressing feeling in the pit of the stomach, nausea or upset stomach, burping, vomiting and heartburn. It was pointed out earlier that acid indigestion and GERD/heartburn are separate digestive disorders. If you are uncertain as to whether you are suffering from either acid indigestion or GERD/heartburn and the condition is persistent, it is recommended that you consult with a healthcare practitioner.
Also called dyspepsia, indigestion refers to an uncomfortable pain in the stomach or chest that usually occurs after a person has been eating or drinking. Other symptoms of the condition include feeling full and bloated, feeling nauseous, belching and heartburn.
Anyone can get indigestion. You can get it on occasion, or it can be an ongoing problem. The symptoms and causes vary by case.
Patient Care & Health Info
Chronic indigestion without a health problem or digestive tract disease that could explain symptoms is called functional dyspepsia. When a doctor cannot find a cause for indigestion, the individual may have functional dyspepsia. This is a type of indigestion without any structural or metabolic disease to explain the symptoms.
- The GI tract is a sequence of organs that play a part in digestion.
- Women may also find they are more affected by the condition during pregnancy.
- There is no test for FD, so often youâ€™ll be diagnosed with the condition after tests for other conditions come back as normal.
- In such cases, no treatment is needed.
- To start, you need to know your body and how it reacts to different food and drinks.
Western herbalists are likely to prescribe fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), lemon balm (Melissa officinalis), or peppermint (Mentha piperita) to relieve stomach cramps and heartburn. Patients with motility disorders may be given pro-kinetic drugs.
The physiological stress due to anxiety and stress also affect indigestion. Because indigestion can be caused by anxiety, lifestyle and diet, or another medical condition, it may be difficult to know what is causing it. Also called dyspepsia (and non-acid dyspepsia), it is a common symptom caused by many conditions and is not a disease unto itself.
Those tests can include blood work, urine/stool tests, or an X-ray or ultrasound. Sometimes the doctor will perform an upper endoscopy to see inside your stomach. Your doctor will insert a thin tube with a camera on the end into your esophagus.
If indigestion is unusual, accompanied by shortness of breath, sweating, chest pain, or pain radiating to the jaw, neck, or arm, seek medical attention immediately. Because indigestion is a symptom rather than a disease, treatment usually depends upon the underlying condition causing the indigestion.
Your doctor will first discuss your health history to determine your condition. There is no test for FD, so often youâ€™ll be diagnosed with the condition after tests for other conditions come back as normal. This wide range of possible causes of FD may result in your doctor testing you for additional conditions as well as discussing varied treatment options for the condition.
Stress and anxiety often can make indigestion worse. The definition of Indigestion is an uncomfortable feeling of fullness, pain, or burning in your upper abdomen. Dr. Charles “Pat” Davis, MD, PhD, is a board certified Emergency Medicine doctor who currently practices as a consultant and staff member for hospitals.