In any case, it is strongly advised that pregnant women should not smoke for other reasons as well. See separate leaflet called Pregnancy and Smoking.
Heartburn can also be caused directly by your growing baby. As the uterus takes over, it doesn’t leave much room for the stomach, and all that pressure can push the stomach up, causing stomach acid to leak into the esophagus. Try eating five or six smaller meals rather than three large ones, which are hours apart, to prevent your stomach from becoming too full and pushing up under your diaphragm.
The stomach has a special layer that protects it from stomach acid, but the esophagus is unprotected. When stomach acid gets into the esophagus, it irritates the lining, causing a burning sensation in an area located close to the heart, otherwise known as heartburn. Unfortunately, even if you follow all advice on avoiding heartburn in pregnancy, you may still experience symptoms which should disappear in most women after giving birth. Try to stay sitting upright after eating, as lying down can allow food and stomach acid to be regurgitated. Sleeping propped up by two or three pillows may also help in the later stages of pregnancy.
So, eating large meals or overeating in general can also increase the risk for heartburn. Eating right before bedtime can cause problems, too. Smoking makes heartburn worse and is another reason to quit, especially while pregnant.
Your doctor may prescribe certain acid-reducing medications to reduce your symptoms. Sleep on your left side. Lying on your right side will position your stomach higher than your esophagus, which may lead to heartburn. However, each woman is different. Being pregnant doesn’t necessarily mean you’ll have heartburn.
Options for relief of pregnancy symptoms include exercise, diet, and other lifestyle changes. Signs and symptoms that you may have only if you are pregnant include, implantation cramping and bleeding, a white, milky vaginal discharge, and your areolas or nipples darken.
Heartburn (a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD) occurs in one-quarter to one-half of all pregnant women. Food cravings and aversions. Although you may not want a bowl of mint chip ice cream topped with dill pickles, as the old stereotype goes, your tastes can change while you’re pregnant.
This may also send stomach acid into your esophagus. Eat small, frequent meals.
More than 60% of pregnant women experience food cravings, and more than half have food aversions, according to research. Giving in to cravings from time to time is OK, provided you are generally eating healthy, low-calorie foods. The exception is pica — a craving for non-foods like clay, dirt, and laundry starch, which can be dangerous for you and your baby.