Medicinal uses of this specific species in India usually are discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991). Medicinal makes use of of the species in China are discussed by Duke and Ayensu (1985). The listed medicinal uses regarding the root are the particular same for China, Indo-China, the Philippines, and Guam as they are regarding Myanmar; within the Malay Peninsula the flowers are crushed in cold water in addition to used in a poultice for headache (Perry 1980). The toxic properties, symptoms, treatment and beneficial makes use of of this plant, regions of which are poisonous, are usually discussed by Nellis (1997). The medicinal uses of this species in India are discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991).
The medicinal uses associated with this plant in the particular Caribbean region, along with its chemistry, biological activity, degree of toxicity and dosages, are talked about by GermosÃ©n-Robineau (1997). Information of the active chemical substances, effects, herbal usage and pharmacological literature of this particular plant are given within Fleming (2000). betle simply leaves and macerated in essential oil, serve as an unguent effective on hard tumors and cirrhosis; bark will be bechic; and juice coming from young branches that passes open fire are used to provide relief for inflamed bronchial tubes (Perry 1980). The medicinal uses of this plant inside the Caribbean area, as well as their chemistry, biological activity, degree of toxicity and dosages, are talked about by GermosÃ©n-Robineau (1997). The chemistry, pharmacology, history, in addition to medicinal uses of this species in Latin America are discussed in detail by Gupta (1995).
ceiba, manufactured into pills, that smeared with cream from cow milk) is used with regard to ulcers of the palate. The root is used regarding rheumatism; ground with dark-colored pepper and used with regard to involuntary cramps; and ground with leaves, roots, light bulb, and bark of numerous additional species, and given to beverage with refuse of molasses for gravel (Jain in addition to DeFilipps 1991). In Indo-China this species can be used in a decoction as a new remedy for leucorrhea (Perry 1980).
The medicinal uses of this species in Indian are discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991). Perry (1980) lists the therapeutic uses for this species in Indo-China and the Malay Peninsula. In Haiti an infusion of the particular styles is used as a diuretic and for renal problems; a decoction or maceration of the models is used for br?lure and edema; the earth grain are used in a warm compress on traumatized areas and swellings; a new cataplasm of the floor grains is applied in order to fractures; and, split ear of corn are created in to an infusion as an antihypertensive (Neptune-Rouzier 1997). Among Afro-Cuban religions, in the Ocha Rule (also called Santeria), this species is a sacred plant belonging in order to all the orishas (â€œsaintsâ€); â€œIt is considered an indicator of good luck any time maize grains spontaneously develop around a houseâ€ (Fuentes 1992).
Perry (1980) gives the healing uses from the species within China, Indo-China, the Malay Peninsula, and Indonesia. The chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, and traditional medicinal utilizes of this plant on the worldwide basis are discussed in detail by Ross (1999).
The medicinal uses of this species in Of india are discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991). Therapeutic uses of this varieties in China are mentioned in Duke and Ayensu (1985).
In India the fruit is used as a demulcent and the seed like a diuretic, tonic, and coolant (Jain and DeFilipps 1991). In Korea, the stalk of the unripe fruits can be used as a cure for dropsy, nasal problems, epilepsy, and cough, furthermore as an emetic; the fruit is used for cooling and as a diuretic; a new cucumber soup is utilized to relieve retention associated with urine; a salve will be used for skin disorders, scalds, and burns; a decoction of the dried roots can be used as a diuretic and to take care of beri-beri; juice from the crushed leaves is applied as an emetic in acute indigestion of children.
Chemical constituents, pharmacological action, and medicinal utilization of this particular species in Indian Ayurveda are discussed in depth by simply Kapoor (1990). A pharmacognostical profile including medicinal utilizes of this plant within Africa is given in Iwu (1993). The toxic properties, symptoms, treatment, and beneficial uses of this plant, areas of which usually are poisonous, are discussed by Nellis (1997). Worldwide therapeutic usage, chemical composition, plus toxicity of this varieties are discussed by Duke (1986).
A pharmacognostical profile including medicinal uses associated with this plant in The african continent is given in Iwu (1993). Data within the propagation, seed treatment and gardening management of this species are given by Katende et al. (1995).
In areas of the particular world the location where the plant will be present, the fruit is used as soap (Perry 1980). In India the fruits is used an emetic and expectorant, for epilepsy, extreme salivation, and chlorosis; inside China and Taiwan the flowers are a applied for conjunctivitis and other eye diseases, a lotion made from the nuts has been said to cause freckles and tan to disappear, typically the kernel is used to be able to correct fetid breath in addition to gum boils as well as to prevent tooth decay, a solution of macerated bark is applied to wash the furry parts of the body to kill lice and other vermin, and typically the seeds serve as the laxative along with a decoction will be taken as an expectorant (they are also used as a fish poison and insecticide) (Perry 1980). Typically the medicinal uses of this specific species in India usually are discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991).
The botanical study of the British impÃ©rialiste system, including India plus parts of Asia, lead in partial plant provides of Myanmar such since Kurzâ€™s The Forest BotÃ¡nica of British Burma (1877) and Hookerâ€™s Flora of the British India (1894). Botanical investigations of the particular region sharply decreased soon after Ww ii. Myanmar will be exceptionally full of plant variety, but not many new grow collections have been made in this area during typically the second half of typically the 1900s (Kress et al. 2003).
2. Human and Canine Digestive Systems Share Other Commonalities
The varieties has medicinal uses within Myanmar, but Nordal (1963) does not list them. Reported chemical constituents regarding this species are tannins, sterols, organic acids, aphrogenic principle, invertine, emulsine, the hydroquinonic principle, and diospyroquinone. The vermicidal property associated with the fruit is due to the presence of diospyroquinone (Perry 1980).
Degree of toxicity of this species will be discussed by Bruneton (1999). The medicinal uses of this species in India are usually discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991). Medicinal uses of this species inside China are discussed within Duke and Ayensu (1985).
Reported chemical constituents associated with the species include quercetin, triacontane, phytosterol, phytosterolin, jambulol (now identified as ellagic acid); melissic, gallic, palmitic, linolic, and oleic acids; euphosterol; also an alkaloid, xanthorhamnine. The plant furthermore contains hydrogen cyanide plus a triterpinoid, an extract of which â€œhas a few antibiotic activity on Staphylococcusâ€ (Perry 1980). A pharmacognostical profile including medicinal makes use of of this plant inside Africa is given in Iwu (1993). The therapeutic uses of this species in South China, typically the Malay Peninsula, Indonesia, plus Indo-China are discussed inside Perry (1980). The varieties has medicinal uses regarding ache, swelling, like a testicle altschul, and as a bacterioside (chemical found in plant shown to become effective for this purpose) (Duke 2009).