Symptoms begin within 12 hours of ingesting contaminated food and lessen within 36 hours. Indigestion is one of the most common ailments of the bowel (intestines), affecting an estimated 20% of persons in the United States. Perhaps only 10% of those affected actually seek medical attention for their indigestion. Indigestion is not a particularly good term for the ailment since it implies that there is “dyspepsia” or abnormal digestion of food, and this most probably is not the case. In fact, another common name for dyspepsia is indigestion, which, for the same reason, is no better than the term dyspepsia!
In describing the symptoms, try to define where in the abdomen the discomfort usually occurs. Swallowing excessive air when eating may increase the symptoms of belching and bloating, which are often associated with indigestion. Budd-Chiari syndrome is a rare liver condition, symptoms include pain, swelling, and vomiting blood.
Your doctor may do some tests to find out if you have an ulcer or acid reflux disease. In many people, the junction between the esophagus (food pipe) and stomach “herniates” up through the diaphragm into the chest cavity. This phenomenon may be temporary or permanent, and is often cited as one of the causes of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, hiatal hernia [also referred to as hiatus hernia] is an anatomical abnormality, not a symptom, and its presence or absence does not equate with the symptoms of GERD. However, there are some lesser-known symptoms sometimes confused with vomiting.
The primary issue, however, is to decide which tests are reasonable to perform. Since each case is individual, different tests may be reasonable for different patients. Nevertheless, certain basic tests are often performed to exclude non-functional gastrointestinal disease. These tests identify anatomic (structural) and histological (microscopic) diseases of the esophagus, stomach, and intestines. Indigestion is a chronic disease that usually lasts years, if not a lifetime.
After that, you should start to feel like yourself again, Dr. Adalja says. Hereâ€™s how to tell if you have food poisoning or the stomach flu. CDC . So yes, the stomach flu can be a type of food poisoning.
It is important to educate patients with indigestion about their illness, particularly by reassuring them that the illness is not a serious threat to their physical health (though it may be to their emotional health). Patients need to understand the potential causes for the symptoms. Most importantly, they need to understand the medical approach to the problem and the reasons for each test or treatment. Education prepares patients for a potentially prolonged course of diagnosis and trials of treatment.
When the cause is lifestyle-related, prevention is the best way to find relief of symptoms. Heart attacks may cause symptoms often are mistaken for indigestion. If indigestion is accompanied by shortness of breath, sweating, chest pain, or pain radiating to the jaw, back, neck or arm, seek medical attention immediately. When feeling nauseous, itâ€™s common to want instant relief.
Your physician may also use an instrument called an endoscope to look closely at the inside of the stomach. An endoscope is a flexible tube that contains a light and a camera to produce images of the stomach and intestines in a procedure called endoscopy. A gastroscopy is a similar procedure used to evaluate just the inside of the stomach.
An over-the-counter antacid or acid blocker can relieve symptoms, but you should see a doctor if symptoms worsen or persist. Even though morning stomach pain is probably nothing to worry about, you shouldnâ€™t ignore a severe ache that doesnâ€™t go away.