Common Heartburn Triggers: Fatty Foods, Alcohol, Citrus, and More

Citrus fruits like oranges can also bring on the burn, but they offer valuable folic acid, so instead of cutting them out entirely, try a low-acid orange juice and drink it after you’ve had cereal or toast to help absorb the stomach acid. And during meals, skip beverages-it can decrease the effectiveness of gastric juices, says Martin. In addition to adjusting what you eat, Martin suggests taking a teaspoon of apple cider vinegar diluted in a cup of water once a day to try to increase the effectiveness of your gastric juices. And keep in mind that laying down after eating can make heartburn worse; Martin suggests not eating after 7 p.m., as it might make going to bed uncomfortable.

Here’s the deal. Chocolate contains both caffeine and theobromine, both of which can cause the lower esophageal sphincter to relax and allow stomach acid to escape. One study also found that in comparison to a simple sugar solution, chocolate significantly increased heartburn symptoms within just an hour of indulging.

Eating a lot of food at one time increases the amount of acid needed to digest it. Eat smaller, more frequent meals throughout the day.

Especially good are cantaloupe and honeydew melon. If you are overweight or obese, it is important to lose weight safely and steadily through regular exercise and by eating a healthy, balanced diet. Read advice on losing weight.

Also, try snacking on pineapple, which can act as a digestive enzyme. After dinner, we know it’s tempting to lie on the couch and watch Netflix, but try going on a walk to ease your heartburn. In terms of medications, it’s considered safe to take Tums, Gaviscon or Ranitidine (Zantac), but it’s a good idea to talk to your health care provider before taking any medication. Hormonal changes in pregnancy cause the valve between your esophagus and stomach to relax, allowing acid to escape up to your throat, explains Amanda Selk, an OB/GYN at Women’s College Hospital in Toronto. “In addition, as the uterus grows, there is more pressure on your stomach, which can also cause the stomach acid to back up,” she says.

  • The tube monitors episodes of acid reflux over the day and while you sleep.
  • Check with your health-care professional before trying any of these.
  • Eating high-fat foods puts you at greater

Acid reflux (GERD) is a condition in which acid backs up from the stomach into the esophagus and even up to the throat, irritating their lining tissues. 💡 If you regularly suffer from acid reflux, it is recommended to keep a food and symptom diary to help you track the foods that are your particular heartburn offenders. Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid leaks up, the wrong direction, from the stomach into the oesophagus. Symptoms of acid reflux range from heartburn to difficulty swallowing – or there can be no symptoms at all.

When you swallow food, it travels down the oesophagus, and passes through a ring of muscle called the lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS), into the stomach. The job of the LOS is to control what gets in to the stomach, and to prevent the stomach contents from getting back out again. If you suspect that foods may trigger or worsen your symptoms of GERD, try keeping a one week daily diary. As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. Please note the date of last review on all articles.

In this article, we discuss the foods that people with GERD may wish to exclude from their diet and those that they might benefit from consuming. “Carbonated beverages cause gastric distension,” Mausner says.

While coffee may help perk you up, it actually may do the opposite to our esophageal functions, relaxing the lower esophageal sphincter and increasing the risk of reflux. Wait, wha? Isn’t peppermint a cooling herb? Peppermint is thought to reduce lower esophageal sphincter tension, which makes it easier for stomach acids to creep up. One study found that eight percent of heartburn patients reported complaints after consuming peppermint, and a large systematic review reported heartburn as one of the major side effects of peppermint consumption.

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