However, the list of gas-producing foods is rather long, and it may be difficult to eliminate them all without severely restricting the diet. Specific tests can be done for maldigestion of individual sugars that are commonly maldigested, including lactose (the sugar in milk) and sorbitol (a sweetener in low-calorie foods). The specific tests require ingestion of the sugars followed by hydrogen/methane breath testing.
These are widely grouped together as pathological causes and discussed in more detail in the following sections. If the burping is persistent and accompanied by symptoms such as nausea, pain, bloody stools, weight loss or fever, you should consult a doctor. Eating or drinking too quickly can cause you to swallow too much air. Belching or burping is the bodyâ€™s way of releasing that excess air.
Indigestion is often caused by acid reflux, which occurs when stomach acid leaks back up into your gullet (oesophagus) and irritates its lining. If this irritation builds up over time, it can cause your oesophagus to become scarred. The scarring can eventually lead to your oesophagus becoming narrow and constricted (known as oesophageal stricture). If your indigestion symptoms are caused by an infection with H pylori bacteria, you will need to have treatment to clear the infection from your stomach.
If you are experiencing symptoms or need health advice, please consult a healthcare professional. See additional information. How many bowel movements per day is considered ‘healthy’?
This usually involves consuming fewer fatty and spicy foods and less caffeine, alcohol, and chocolate. Sleeping for at least 7 hours every night may also help to ease mild indigestion.
People often have indigestion along with heartburn (a burning feeling deep in the chest), which happens when stomach acids rise into the esophagus. Indigestion is often a sign of an underlying problem, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), ulcers, or gallbladder disease, rather than a condition of its own. Any treatment you get will depend on what the cause is.
But flatulence can sometimes be caused by a condition such as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome or lactose intolerance. Wind and bloating are very common.
If all of the appropriate testing reveals no disease that could be causing the symptoms and the dyspeptic symptoms have not responded to empiric treatments, other, more specialized tests should be considered. These tests include hydrogen breath testing to diagnose bacterial overgrowth of the small intestine, gastric emptying studies, EGG, small intestinal transit studies, antro-duodenal motility and barostatic studies, and possibly capsule endoscopy. These specialized studies probably should be done at centers that have experience and expertise in diagnosing and treating functional diseases.
The symptoms are normally triggered by stomach acid coming into contact with the mucosa. Stomach acids break down the mucosa, causing irritation and inflammation. This triggers the uncomfortable symptoms of indigestion. Indigestion is usually caused by the lifestyle of an individual and the foods they eat.
In this theoretical situation, we can’t see the abnormality with the naked eye or the microscope, but we can measure it. If we can measure an associated or causative abnormality, should the disease no longer be considered functional, even though the disease (symptoms) are being caused by abnormal function? The answer is unclear. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection of the stomach. Some patients with mild upper gastrointestinal symptoms who were thought to have abnormal function of the stomach or intestines have been found to have stomachs infected with H.
Believing that swallowing air and releasing it will relieve the discomfort of these disorders, this person may unintentionally develop a habitual cycle of belching and discomfort. Frequently, the pain continues or worsens, leading the person to believe he or she has a serious disorder. An extreme example of this is Meganblase syndrome, which causes chronic belching. This syndrome is characterized by severe air swallowing and an enlarged bubble of gas in the stomach following heavy meals.
Sometimes indigestion-like symptoms arenâ€™t related to your digestive system. They may be caused by something else, such as a heart attack.
Persistent, or intractable hiccups can be very frustrating and distressing. They can disrupt the personâ€™s normal life by interfering with talking, eating, drinking and sleeping. They can also affect their mood and make their pain feel worse. The information on Health24 is for educational purposes only, and is not intended as medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.