Betaine Hydrochloride: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Dosage, and Warning

Chronic hypochlorhydria may reduce bone density. A low level of hydrochloric acid in the stomach cavity can lead to an overgrowth of bacteria, including Helicobacter pylori. The bacteria may travel into the small intestine.

Aluminum may protect the stomach lining from the damaging effects of alcohol and other irritants. Aluminum hydroxide inactivates the gastric digestive enzyme pepsin.

However, the principal reason for its inclusion in commercial antacid preparations is to counteract the diarrhea effect of magnesium. Unlikely to be recommended by doctors, “bicarb” or “baking soda” is still a common component of many patent medicines. Bicarbonate has an effervescent property that explains the commercial survival of antacid/pain-killer combinations such as Alka-Seltzer™ and Bromo-Seltzer™. Bicarbonate reacts with stomach hydrochloric acid to release carbon dioxide gas (CO2) that is quickly absorbed, but sometimes elicits a satisfying belch. Antacid tablets are slow acting and have less neutralizing power than a liquid form of antacid.

When stomach acid comes into contact with pepsinogen, it turns it into an active enzyme called pepsin. Once the small intestine has finished its job, food moves on to the large intestine where digestion is completed, then waste products travel out of your body through bowel movements.

Your body isn’t able to absorb whole proteins, but when they’re broken down into amino acids, these amino acids can travel through to your small intestine where they’re absorbed and used to make other proteins that your body needs to stay healthy. Because of this advanced biochemical system, the hydrochloric acid in your stomach is able to perform its jobs without hurting you. From the stomach, food travels into your small intestine where it’s mixed with more digestive juices that come from the liver and the pancreas. Hydrochloric acid helps break down proteins, allows you to absorb certain nutrients and kills off foreign invaders, like bacteria and viruses that can make you sick.

Stomach Ulcers, H. pylori, and Acid

effects of hydrochloric acid in the stomach

  • An absence of stomach acid inhibits the liver from releasing bile, which compromises bile flow, which in turn may adversely affect the entire liver and lymphatic system from releasing stored toxins.
  • Long-term use of antacids and proton pump inhibitors can result in hypochlorhydria.
  • Soleimani, director of UC’s nephrology division and principal investigator of the study, hopes that this data can help researchers create more therapies for people who overproduce stomach acid.
  • Take a field trip with an adult friend or family member to a local pharmacy.
  • Like the myriad of other processes that occur in the amazing human body, hydrochloric acid production and action generally occur as required and without our awareness.

A sore on the stomach lining is called a gastric, stomach, or peptic ulcer. Symptoms of low stomach acid may include stomach discomfort, bloating, heartburn, and/or nausea.

Average Amount of Stomach Acid in the Human Stomach

(The glands are shown in the illustration below.) HCl does its job in the stomach cavity, or lumen. The parietal cells also secrete intrinsic factor, which is necessary in order for vitamin B12 to be absorbed in the small intestine. The highly acidic environment in the stomach lumen causes proteins from food to lose their characteristic folded structure (or denature). This exposes the protein’s peptide bonds. The gastric chief cells of the stomach secrete enzymes for protein breakdown (inactive pepsinogen, and in infancy rennin).

Acid reflux is an uncomfortable condition in which stomach acid flows back into the food pipe. This article investigates which drinks will make it worse, and what you should drink to minimize symptoms. Learn other ways to prevent acid reflux, including some lifestyle changes and medications. A low level of stomach acid can result in other deficiencies, such as a lack of iron, vitamin B-12, and calcium. A doctor or a dietician can help.

One of the easiest and most inexpensive ways to gain insight as to whether or not you have high enough stomach acid is to take the baking soda stomach acid test. Digestion is the golden child when it comes to health. It’s so important for tackling any health issue (even those seemingly unrelated ones like acne or hormonal imbalances!). Addressing digestion is the first place we usually start because… without good digestion, food and lifestyle changes won’t make much of an impact (learn all about how to improve your digestion naturally here). You are totally correct the reason your stomach does that is because it thinks your intaking food so it needs more acid to digest or brake down the enzymes of the food that really isn’t coming through your stomach.

Dr. Beaumont began to perform experiments on digestion using the stomach of St. Martin. Most of the experiments were conducted by tying a piece of food to a string and inserting it through the hole into St. Martin’s stomach.

effects of hydrochloric acid in the stomach

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